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It seems outrageous that such a mas…Full description. The Order of Things Foucault. Jesuit Education and the Cultivation of Virtue Full description. Jews of Lebanon The dilapidated structure of the Magen Avraham synagogue is nearly all that remains of the Jewish presence in Lebanon. Order of the Nine Angles.
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The Order of the Lily the Eagle. The Pythagorean Order of Death. The Order of Hermes Hermes Notes. I have no opinion of this book by William Harris Rule, Jews DO Control the Media. By blogger Troy with quotations from various historians and authors. Hermetic Order of the Golden Dawn. The View of Toledo.
El Greco Domenikos Theotokopoulos Greek, — This book is printed on acid-free paper. No part of this publication may be reproduced, translated, stored in a retrieval system, or transmitted in any form or by any means, electronic, mechanical, photocopying, recording or otherwise, without prior written permission from the publisher.
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Brill has made all reasonable efforts to trace all right holders to any copyrighted material used in this work. In cases where these efforts have not been successful the publisher welcomes communications from copyright holders, so that the appropriate acknowledgements can be made in future editions, and to settle other permission matters. Fees are subject to change. Sentencia-Estatuto of Pero de Sarmiento Alonso de Cartagena and Alonso de Oropesa Defensio Toletani Statuti of Diego de Simancas Italo-Portuguese anti-converso lobby at General Congregation McCoog and James F.
Pratt for their friendly support and generous hospitality during my work there. The research in the archives progressed efficiently thanks also to the serene and accommodating spirit of the staff of the Institute, especially Nicoletta Basilotta and Mauro Brunello.
I also thank Jill G. Thomas, the Jesuitana Librarian at John J.
Burns Library of Boston College, who graciously and competently assisted me in finding and obtaining for publication the illustrations contained in the present book. While writing this book in New York City, the help of the staff at Fordham University Libraries in collecting secondary sources was indispensable. Pedro de Ribadeneyra as the biographer of Ignatius of Loyola Ignatius of Loyola converting a Jew The Italian Jesuit historian Francesco Sacchini — Ignacio de Azevedo —70 —the martyred missionary of Brazil Francisco de Toledo [Herrera] —96 —the first Jesuit cardinal Map of seventeenth-century Vietnam The Italian Jesuit writer and diplomat Antonio Possevino — Juan de Mariana — —the Spanish avatar of Titus Livius Yet, they kept practicing Judaism secretly.
From Friday evening through Saturday evening, his grandfather would hide the image of baby Jesus from a large framed picture of St. Anthony that he kept in his home. It was, in fact, a wind-up music box. On Fridays he would wind up the mechanism and push a button, so that Jesus would disappear out of St. On Saturdays, he then would push the button again, so that Jesus would come back out from hiding into St.
As eldest son in his family, my correspondent was told this story by his father who passed away inwho also had asked him to eat only kosher food. None of his siblings was required to do so—they in fact hide their origins, since they are a devout practicing Catholic family.
Had the Jesuit who wrote me this email asked to enter the Jesuit Order between andhis Jewish ancestry would have constituted a legal impediment to his admission, just because his character would have been allegedly compromised by his impure blood, no matter how distant his Jewish ancestors were. Had he asked to become a Jesuit between andhis background would have been reviewed up to the fifth generation and the story of his heterodox paternal grandfather could, therefore, have been cited as reason to prevent him from entering the Order.
However, had he become a professed Jesuit between andno law would have prevented him from following his vocation, even though not every confrere would have supported it.
This book tells the story of the evolution of the discriminatory concept of purity of blood, its complex nature, its magnitude in the early Society of Jesus the Jesuitsand the role Christians of Jewish ancestry xvi introduction played in the Order. Arguably, the high number of Jews who converted to Christianity as a result of the pogroms in the fourteenth and fifteenth centuries and as a result of the royal edict of con- 1 There are different terms to designate this group: New Christians, neophytes, marranos, confesos, tornadizos, alboraique, and notados.
I prefer to use conversos, for it does not carry any pejorative connotation, it is employed in contemporary historiography, and, additionally, it points out the Iberian origin of the group. The Encyclopedia Judaica Jerusalem: Encyclopedia Judaica,vol. The first group converted in the wake of the massacre in Spain in and the proselytizing fervor in the subsequent decades. The second, also in Spain, were baptized following the decree of Ferdinand and Isabella in expelling all Jews who refused to accept Christianity.
The third group, in Portugal, was converted by force and royal fiat in Leo Baeck Institute,pp. For a very concise history of the Iberian Jews and conversos, with a bibliography on the subject, see Esther Benbassa and Aron Rodrigue, Sephardi Jewry: University of California Press,pp.
Gerber, The Jews of Spain: Free Press,pp. Departures and Change Leiden: Brill Academic Publishers,pp. Campus,pp.
It was characteristic not only of some renowned Talmudic authorities4 and of the late medieval and early modern Christian authors whom we shall analyze throughout this book but also of some contemporary historians. Ediciones Arion, ,6 reflect the identification of conversos with Jews, even though after the Expulsion of there were officially no Jews in Spain as there were no Jews in Portugal after their expulsion in Princeton University Press,pp.
See also ibidem, pp. Sicroff, Los estatutos de Limpieza de Sangre: Taurus,p. ISTMO,p. Graizbord, Souls in Dispute: University of Pennsylvania Press, enchirldion, p. Ediciones Arion,vol. Random House,Book 2: Netanyahu, Toward the Inquisition: Cornell University Press,pp.
University of Wisconsin Press,pp. University of Chicago Press,especially pp. Universidad de Oviedo,pp. See also Roth, Conversos, Inquisition, p.
SMRT 146 Maryks -The Jesuit Order as a Synagogue of Jews (2009).pdf
University of London,pp. Luz para conocimiento de los gentiles Madrid: Universidad Pontificia de Salamaca,maglcas. In their comprehensive template of arguments, both Defensorium and Lumen would become inspirational to many future efforts to defend the threatened status of conversos, including Jesuit conversos, as we shall see in the last chapter. Olschki,p. Maficas, the founder of the Jesuits, Ignatius of Loyola c.
Indeed, his positive approach to conversos and Jews pre-dates the foundation of the Society of Jesus indespite the assertion of many experts to the contrary.
His openness towards conversos may have been motivated by the financial support that he had sought from their network in Spain and in the Spanish Netherlands before founding the Society and that he would continue to seek as the superior general of the Jesuits. New American Library,p. Ediciones Cultura Hispanica, —6p. In communion with Loyola, Nadal insisted that the Jesuit Constitutions did not discriminate between candidates of the Society on the basis of lineage. In a heated debate over the admission of one of them, Luis Diego de Santander c.
Universidad Pontificia de Salamanca; [Granada]: Universidad de Granada, —vol. Aguado, jagicasvol. See also DHCJ 4: