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First developed in  and released inthe standard “defines vocabulary, processes, documentation, techniques, and a process assessment model for testing that be used within any software development lifecycle.
BS ISO/IEC – Information technology. Software packages. Quality requirements and testing
At first the International Organization for Standardization ISO had no working group with significant software testing experience, so the ISO created WG26, which by was represented by more than 20 different countries.
Concepts and definitions 1Test processes 2Test documentation 3and Test techniques 4. As of June iisono major revisions have occurred to the five parts of the standard. These parts are, from most recent to oldest:. Part 2 defines a generic test process model for software testing that is intended isp use by organizations when performing software testing.
It comprises test process descriptions that define the software testing processes at the organizational level, test management project level, and dynamic test process levels WG26 couldn’t get consensus on the inclusion of static testing. This part deals with software test documentation and includes templates and test documentation examples that are produced during the test process.
The templates support the three primary test process levels of Part 2, and the standard also includes mapping to other existing standards. Part 4 provides standard definitions ic software test design techniques also known as test case design techniques or test methods and corresponding coverage measures that can be used during the test design and implementation processes defined in Part 2.
The standard’s test design techniques are categorized into three main categories: Iwo techniques are base on the functional specification of the system under test. They are also called black-box testing techniques.
Suggested test design techniques in this group are  :. These structural testing techniques are based on the internal structure of the system under test.
They are also called white-box testing techniques. These exploratory testing techniques rely on the experience of the human tester. Suggested test design techniques in this group are :. This standard covers keyword-driven testingan approach to specifying software tests normally automated used in the software testing industry. Stuart Reid, convenor of WG26, replied to some of these and other opposing viewpoints in September though it’s not clear if any further action by WG26 was taken due to software testers’ complaints.
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.
ISO/IEC – Wikipedia
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Association for Software Testing. Retrieved 23 July International Society for Software Testing. Archived from the original on 8 February ISO standards by standard number. List of International Electrotechnical Commission standards.
BS ISO/IEC 12119:1994
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