The Maastricht Treaty was signed on 7 February by the members of the European The Maastricht Treaty also created two new “pillars” of the EU on Common Foreign .. “The arc of institutional reform in post-Maastricht Treaty change”. Switzerland’s plan to forge a new treaty cementing ties with the European Union has hit the rocks after the normally pro-Europe center left. Die Ziele, die mit diesen Vertrag erreicht wurden, waren die institutionelle Reform der EU, um auch ein größeres Europa handlungsfähig zu halten. Im einzelnen.
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Consolidated version of the Treaty on European Union. OJ C Protocol No 6 on the location of the seats of the institutions and of certain bodies, offices, agencies and departments of the European Union. Protocol No 9 on the decision of the Council relating to the implementation of Article 16 4 of the Treaty on European Union and article 2 of the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union between 1 November and 31 March on the one hand, and as from 1 april on the other.
Protocol No 10 on permanent structured cooperation established by Article 42 of the Treaty on European Union. Protocol No 21 on the position of the United Kingdom and ireland in respect of the area of freedom, security and justice. Protocol No 23 on external relations of the Member States with regard to the crossing of external borders.
Protocol No 31 concerning imports into the European Union of petroleum products refined in the Netherlands Antilles. Declaration on the political agreement by the European Council concerning the draft Decision on the composition of the European Parliament. Declaration on practical measures to be taken upon the entry into force of the Treaty of Lisbon as regards the Presidency of the European Council and of the Foreign Affairs Council. Declaration on the protection of personal data in the fields of judicial cooperation in criminal matters and police cooperation.
Declaration on the second paragraph of Article 48 of the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union. Declaration on Article 85 1second subparagraph, of the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union. Declaration on Article of the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union concerning the negotiation and conclusion of international agreements by Member States relating to the area of freedom, security and justice.
Declaration on Article 5 of the Protocol on the Schengen acquis integrated into the framework of the European Union. Declaration on Article 5 2 of the Protocol on the Schengen acquis integrated into the framework of the European Union. Declaration on Article 5 3 of the Protocol on the Schengen acquis integrated into the framework of the European Union. Declaration on Article 5 34 and 5 of the Protocol on the Schengen acquis integrated into the framework of the European Union. Declaration by Ireland on Article 3 of the Protocol on the position of the United Kingdom and Ireland in respect of the area of freedom, security and justice.
Declaration by the Republic of Latvia, the Republic of Hungary and the Republic of Malta on the spelling of the name of the single currency in the Treaties.
DESIRING to enhance further the democratic and efficient functioning of the institutions so as to enable them better to carry out, within a reformvertrab institutional framework, the tasks entrusted to them. RESOLVED to achieve the strengthening and the convergence of their economies and to establish an economic and monetary union including, in accordance with the provisions of this Treaty and of the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union, a single and stable currency.
RESOLVED to implement a common foreign and security policy including the progressive framing of a common defence policy, which might lead to a common defence in accordance with the provisions of Article 42, thereby reinforcing the European identity and its independence in order to promote peace, security and progress in Europe and in the world.
RESOLVED to facilitate the free movement of persons, while ensuring the safety and refofmvertrag of their peoples, by establishing an area of freedom, security and justice, in accordance with the provisions of this Treaty and of the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union.
RESOLVED to continue the process of creating an ever closer union among the peoples of Europe, in which decisions are taken as closely as possible to the citizen in accordance with the principle of subsidiarity. This Treaty marks a new stage in the process of creating an ever closer union among the peoples of Europe, in which decisions are taken as openly as possible and as closely as possible to the refotmvertrag.
The Union shall be founded on the present Treaty and on the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union hereinafter referred to as “the Treaties”. Those two Treaties shall have the same legal value. The Union shall replace and succeed the European Community.
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The Union is founded on the values of respect for human dignity, freedom, democracy, equality, the rule of law and respect for human rights, including the rights of persons belonging to minorities.
These values are common to the Member States in a society in which pluralism, non-discrimination, tolerance, justice, solidarity and equality between women and men prevail. The Union shall offer its citizens an area of freedom, security and justice without internal frontiers, in which the free movement of persons is ensured in conjunction with appropriate measures with respect to external border controls, asylum, immigration and the prevention and combating of crime.
The Union shall establish an internal market. It shall work for the sustainable development of Europe based on balanced economic growth and price stability, a highly competitive social market economy, aiming at full employment and social progress, and a high level of protection and improvement of the quality of the environment.
It shall promote scientific and technological advance. It shall combat social exclusion reforvertrag discrimination, and shall promote social justice and protection, equality between women and men, solidarity between generations and protection of the rights of the child. It shall respect its rich cultural reformvertrab linguistic diversity, and shall ensure that Europe’s cultural heritage is safeguarded and enhanced.
In its relations with the wider world, the Union shall uphold and promote its values and interests and contribute to the protection of its citizens.
It shall contribute to peace, security, the sustainable development of the Earth, solidarity and mutual respect among peoples, free and fair trade, eradication of poverty and the protection of human rights, in particular the rights of the child, as well as to the strict observance reformvvertrag the development of international law, including respect for the principles of the United Nations Charter.
The Union shall pursue its objectives by appropriate means commensurate with the competences which are conferred upon it in the Treaties. In accordance with Article 5, competences not conferred upon the Union in the Treaties remain with the Member States.
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The Union shall respect the equality of Member States before the Treaties as well as their national identities, inherent in their fundamental structures, political and constitutional, inclusive of regional and local self-government. It shall respect their essential State functions, including ensuring the territorial integrity of the State, maintaining law and order and safeguarding national refrmvertrag.
In particular, national security remains the sole responsibility of each Fu State. Pursuant to the principle of sincere cooperation, the Union and the Member States shall, in full mutual respect, refprmvertrag each other in carrying out tasks which flow from the Treaties.
The Member States shall take any appropriate measure, general or particular, to ensure fulfilment of the obligations arising out of the Treaties or resulting from the acts of the institutions of the Refformvertrag. The Member States shall facilitate the achievement of the Union’s tasks and refrain from any measure which could jeopardise the attainment of the Union’s objectives.
The limits of Union competences are governed by the principle of conferral. The use of Union competences is governed by the principles of subsidiarity and proportionality.
Under the principle of conferral, the Union shall act only within the limits of the competences conferred upon it by the Member States in the Treaties to attain the objectives set out therein. Competences not conferred upon the Union in the Treaties remain with the Member States.
Under the principle of subsidiarity, in areas which do not fall within its exclusive competence, the Union shall act only if and in so far as the objectives of the proposed action cannot refoormvertrag sufficiently achieved by the Member States, either at central level or at regional and local level, but can rather, by reason of the scale or effects of the proposed action, be better achieved at Union level.
The institutions of the Union shall reformvretrag the principle of subsidiarity as laid down in the Protocol on the application of the principles of subsidiarity and proportionality. National Parliaments ensure compliance with the principle of subsidiarity in accordance with the procedure set out refornvertrag that Protocol.
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Under the principle of proportionality, the content and form of Union action shall not exceed what is necessary to achieve the objectives of the Treaties.
The institutions of the Union shall apply the principle of proportionality as laid down in the Protocol on the application of the principles of subsidiarity and proportionality. The Union recognises the rights, freedoms and principles set out in the Charter of Fundamental Rights of the European Union of 7 Decemberas adapted at Strasbourg, on 12 Decemberwhich shall have the same legal value as the Treaties.
The provisions of the Charter shall not extend in any way the competences of the Union as defined in the Treaties. The rights, freedoms and principles in the Charter shall be interpreted in accordance with the general provisions in Title VII of the Charter governing its interpretation and application and with due regard to the explanations referred to in the Charter, that set out the sources of those provisions.
Such accession shall not affect the Union’s competences as defined in the Treaties. Fundamental rights, as guaranteed by the European Convention for the Protection of Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms and as they result from the constitutional traditions common to the Member States, shall constitute general principles of the Union’s law.
On a reasoned proposal by one third of the Member States, by the European Parliament or by the European Commission, the Council, acting by a majority of four fifths of its members after obtaining the consent of the European Parliament, may determine that there is a clear risk of a serious breach by a Member State of the values referred to in Article 2.
Before making such a determination, the Council shall hear the Member State in question and may address recommendations to it, acting in accordance with the same procedure. The Council shall regularly verify that the grounds on which such a determination was made continue to apply.
The European Council, acting by unanimity on a proposal by one third of the Member States or by the Commission and after obtaining the consent of the European Parliament, may determine the existence of a serious and persistent breach by a Member State of the values referred to in Article 2, after inviting the Member State in question to submit its observations. Where a determination under paragraph 2 has been made, the Council, acting by a qualified majority, may decide to suspend certain of the rights deriving from the application of the Treaties to the Member State in question, including the voting rights of the representative of the government of that Member State in the Council.
In doing so, the Council shall take into account the possible consequences of such a suspension on the rights and obligations of natural and legal persons. The obligations of the Member State in question under the Treaties shall in any case continue to be binding on that State. The Council, acting by a qualified majority, may decide subsequently to vary or revoke measures taken under paragraph 3 in response to changes in the situation which led to their being imposed.
The voting arrangements applying to the European Parliament, the European Council and the Council for the purposes of this Article are laid down in Article of the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union. The Union shall develop a special relationship with neighbouring countries, aiming to establish an area of prosperity and good neighbourliness, founded on the values of the Union and characterised by close and peaceful relations based on cooperation.
For the purposes of paragraph 1, the Union may conclude specific agreements with the countries concerned. These agreements may contain reciprocal rights and obligations as well as the possibility of undertaking activities jointly. Their implementation shall be the subject of periodic consultation. In all its activities, the Union shall observe the principle of the equality of its citizens, who shall receive equal attention from its institutions, bodies, offices and agencies.
Every national of a Member State shall be a citizen of the Union.
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Citizenship of the Union shall be additional to and not replace national citizenship. Member States are represented in the European Council by their Heads of State or Government and in the Council by their governments, themselves democratically accountable either to recormvertrag national Parliaments, or to their citizens. Every citizen shall have the right to participate in the democratic life of the Union. Decisions shall be taken as openly and as closely as possible to the citizen.
Political parties at European level contribute to forming European political awareness and to expressing the will of citizens of the Union. The institutions shall, by appropriate means, give citizens and representative associations the opportunity to make known and publicly exchange their views in all areas of Union action.
The institutions shall maintain an open, transparent and regular dialogue with representative associations and civil society. The European Commission shall carry out broad consultations with reformgertrag concerned in order to ensure that the Union’s actions are coherent and transparent. Not less than one million citizens who are nationals of a significant number of Member States may take the initiative of inviting the European Commission, within the framework of its powers, to submit any appropriate proposal on matters where citizens retormvertrag that a legal act of the Union is required for the purpose of implementing the Treaties.
The procedures and conditions required for such a citizens’ initiative shall be determined in accordance with the first paragraph of Article 24 of the Treaty on reformcertrag Functioning of the European Union.
The Union shall have an institutional framework which shall aim reformvvertrag promote its values, advance its objectives, serve its interests, those of its citizens and those of the Refogmvertrag States, and ensure the consistency, effectiveness and continuity of its policies and actions. Each institution shall act within the limits of the powers conferred on it in the Treaties, and in conformity reformvettrag the procedures, conditions and objectives set out in them.
The institutions shall practice mutual sincere cooperation.
The provisions relating to the European Central Bank and the Court of Auditors and detailed provisions on the other institutions are set out in the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union. The European Parliament, the Council and the Commission shall be assisted by an Economic and Social Committee and a Committee of the Regions acting in an advisory capacity.
The European Parliament shall, jointly with the Council, exercise legislative and budgetary functions. It shall exercise functions of political control and consultation as laid down in the Treaties. It shall elect the President of the Commission.
The European Parliament shall be composed of representatives of the Union’s citizens. They shall not exceed seven hundred and fifty in number, plus the President.
Representation of citizens shall be degressively proportional, with a minimum threshold of six members per Member State. No Member State shall be allocated more than ninety-six seats.
The European Council shall adopt by unanimity, on the initiative of the European Parliament and with its consent, a decision establishing the composition of the European Parliament, respecting the principles referred to in the first subparagraph.