Entomoloji Ders Notları – Kitabı Bölüm 1. BÖCEKLERİN GENEL ÖZELLİKLERİ. Bölüm 2. BÖCEKLERİN VÜCUT YAPISI (MORFOLOJİ). Bölüm 3. BÖCEKLERİN. Entomoloji Ana Bilim Dalı. Contact Information Entomoloji () .. Tarım ve Köyişleri Bakanlğı, ‘Ekolojik Tarım Kursu’ ders notları, Bornova, İzmirs. Projedeki Görevi: Entomoloji Bölüm Lideri. 2- Projenin Bitki Koruma ( Entomoloji) Ders Notu, D. Ü. Ziraat Fakültesi, Bitki Koruma Bölümü, Diyarbakır. S.

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Skip to main content. Log In Sign Up. The aim of this paper is to review traditional beekeeping in Turkey. Review Article Beekeeping is a rapidly developing part of agriculture, as it is worldwide. It provides a natural balance to the maintenance of agricultural production. The wide range of climate environment is a great potential for bee keeping and honey production. In different regions there are plenty of honey plants Received: Methods of bee keeping are generally traditional, and there are a few DOI: Turkey is the 2nd for honey The other honey bee products are pollen, royal jelly, propolis, bee venom and wax which are highly helpful for not only as human food but also necessary for human health.

In this review bee keeping is reviewed in the context of different regions and bee breeds. Archeological evidences showed that sheep, cattle, goat and maybe pig could be domesticated in Turkey or its near [1]. Turkey has a great advantage of beekeeping History potential because of available natural conditions, proper In Asian Turcoman climate and rich flora. Especially beekeping is available In early period of history Turks used to live between April and September in the most part of nomadic and rural life in Middle Asia which was not Turkey [4].

In the long history, human used numerous available for beekeeping. They used to deal with kinds of insects for them such as honey bees. In livestock production rather than vegetable production, additional, honey bees contributed to plants to give therefore their cousine is based on animal food sources. For example the benefit obtained from the This situaiton was against to beekeeping for them, but pollination of flowers is times more than the they must have consumed exported honey or honey got benefit obtained from honey harvest [2, 5].

There is a from wild bees, because honey was not prohibited by reciprocal indispensable relationship between plants their primitive beliefs or religious orders.

For example and bees which plants need bees for pollination, on the Yakut Turks have a nomadic life in Siberia. A Polish other nottlar bees need pollination for feeding [6]. Sieroszewski, lived among them for a long time and searched their life. He did not report that they Table Scientific classification of the honeybee [3]. Law legislated between mentioned about some taxes which got from beekeepers [7]. The taxes In Ancient Anatolian Civilizations used to apply for honey and beehives in different Before Turks did not migrate to Anatolia from amounts.


Later than beehive tax was cancelled but Middle Asia, other Ancient Anatolian Civilizations honey tax continiued to apply. The honey is the only natural food which Ottomans conquered ‘Eflak’ Southern Romania in can not be spoiled for long term storage. Hence honey and ‘Bogdan’ Moldova in Eflak and was one the most important food source since Bogdan were important sources of grains, large prehistoric times.

It defs an indispensable food additive ruminants, honey, wax and dairy productsn for Ottoman source because of its high degree of digestable Empire. Those products were bought in local markets in carbohydrate content. It was used to use in lots of Eflak and Bogdan by Balkanian merchants and sold in dishes and especially in pastry [9].

In Hittites honey Istanbul bazaars. The commercial goods used to carry was an important food. In noylar tablets, honey bee via The Danube River. Sipahi reported a pilgrim flask found in a Hittite entmooloji site in Boyali Hoyuk in The pilgrim flask dated circa B.

The ingredient was analyzed which was a mixture of some honey with nigella seeds. Hittites also legislated 2 laws about beekeping. Former coat of arms of Abella de la Conca, vers. In Hittite culture there was a Legend of the Lost God. In a Although honey were produced in Ottoman sentence of the legend it said that ‘How honey is sweet Empire lands of Balkans, Anatolia, Middle East, and and fluid, let your heart be like that honey’ [10].

Arabian countries, Eflak and Bogdan were the main honey and wax sources for Ottomans. Sugar cane During Carians Civilization circa B. The best quality honey bought by low-and middle-income people. Pekmez used to produce in Aegean region among countries of boiled ebtomoloji juice and honey used to be consumed Mediterrenaen Sea Region from Spain to Lebanon.

Honey was Rostovtzeef reported that Kaunoser Zenon who was not only consumed as food, but also it was added to secretary of Apollonius Ministry of Finance during some drinks. The honey was one of documents about honey der from city of the most important basic foodstuffs for Ottoman palace Theangela in Caria.

It showed that honey was one the cuisine. Beside flower and pine honey, desert flower import food from Anatolia to Ancient Egypt [9]. He often used honey and bee reported that when Greek Army in Northeast in his poems. He sometimes likened or compared to of Black Sea Region, some soldiers ate honey which honey and bee with human [15]. After for a while soldiers had symptoms of vomiting, diarrhea, fatigue and Royal Symbol drunkenness.

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He informed that some soldiers recoverd During the course of their long history, bee after a day but some them after days, but there was used to be used as a royal symbol in reign of arms by not any death [11].


In Ancient Egypt bee was Available Online: The bee as Canakkale, Istanbul, Kirklareli, Mersin, and Tekirdag; hieroglyphused to write just before name box of the from chestnut in Balikesir, Bolu, Bursa, Canakkale, pharaoh. Childeric I, reigned between from linden trees in Istanbul, Kirklareli, and Tekirdag.

His tomb was discovered in in church of raspberry, and strawberry. Pollen yielding plants are Saint-Brice at Tournai Belgium. In the tomb there also plenty in Turkey such as almond tree Amigdaluswere found about golden bees with garnet insets Castanea sativa, Castanea vulgaris, Salix alba, Robinia which were symbol of the King Childeric [14, 16].

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Another important Louis XII reigned between — proclaimed source of honey production plant is pine Pinus tree. During decleration war Bees do not directly produce the honey from the tree, ceremony Louis XII wore a special dress which had but a kind of insect Marchalina hellenica called as some queen and nptlar bees figures on it.

Family of KaracamScots Pine, P.

Maffeo halepensis Halep cami [4, 19, 20, 21]. He had build or restore feces. Bees collect this honeydew and convert it to pine lots of building and put the three bees as an emblem on honey. Napoleon Bonaparte KaraagacPicea LadinPrunus Sert cekirdekli ordered to use the bee as a royal symbol in reign of meyvelerPyrus Armutand Malus Cicek elmasi [4, arms instead of ‘fleur-de-lis’ heraldic lily, former 22] GencSirali Another important symbol of monarchy by starting a coronation ceremony vegetable source of honey is thyme kekik [4].

Species in Notre-Dame Cathedral in [16]. Bees are fed by various kinds R. Kirklareli, Samsun, and Yozgat; from heather in Adana, Table The plants which supply nectar, honeydew, or pollen for honey bees [24]. Kocayemis Crocus, Saffron,Crocus spp.

Akademik Bilgiler |

Badem Cornelian cherry,Cornus mas L. Kizilcik Bay tree, Sweet bay,Laurus nobilis L. Akdeniz defnesi Maple, Box elder,Acer spp. Akcaagac Willow, Sallow,Salix spp.

Sogut Spring Wattle, Gumtree,Acacia spp. Akasya Black locust, Locust tree,Robinia pseudoacacia L. Yalanci Akasya Deadnettle,Lamium spp. Ballibaba Topped lavender,Lavandula stoechas L.

Yabani elma Brier rose, Dogrose,Rosa spp. Yaban gulu Sage, Clary,Salvia entomolohi. Adacayi Judas tree,Cercis siliquastrum L. Erguvan Tamarisk, Manna plant,Tamarix spp. Fig Wild mustard,Sinapis arvensis L.

Yabani hardal Clover,Trifolium spp. Ucgul Wild gumwood,Pistacia lentiscus L. Yabani sakiz agaci Nettle,Urtica spp. Isirgan Poterium, Thorny burnet,Sarcopoterium spinosum L. Yonca Melilot, Sweet clower,Melilotus officinalis L. Tas yoncasi Bee balm,Melissa officinalis L. Ogul otu Wild basil,Clinopodium vulgare L. Yabani feslegen Rosemary,Rosmarinus officinalis L. Gelincik Blue gum, Ironbark,Eucalyptus camaldulensis Dehnh. Okaliptus Oleaster, Silverberry,Elaeagnus angustifolia L. Igde Strawberry tree, Madrona,Arbutus andrachne L.

Sandal agaci English hawthorn,Crataegus monogyna Jacq.