Ninḫursaĝ, also known as Damgalnuna or Ninmah, was the ancient Sumerian mother goddess Uttu, on her ancestress Ninhursag’s advice buried Enki’s seed in the earth, whereupon eight plants (the very first) sprung up. Enki, seeing the. Enki (Ea), along with An and Enlil, form the triad of gods at the heart . As the story Enki and Ninmah starts, trouble is brewing among the gods. The Sumerian myth Enki and Ninhursag tells the story of the . In the myth of Enki and Ninmah, Ninhursag begins on equal footing with the god.
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According to the Sumerian King List:. Although Eridu said to mean on the seashore or home of going afar was located near the mouth of the Euphrates River at the Persian Gulf, that was in BCE. Many scholars think that Eridu is the original Babel, of Tower of Babel fame [and a Mesopotamian story lends support].
His temple, and home, called E-A House of Water or E-abzu House of the Watery Deepis a ziggurat in the midst of marshes, said to be raised upon a mound, or even located underwater. According to ancient texts translated by L. King in The Seven Tablets ehki Creation:.
O thou River, who didst create all things, When the great gods dug thee out, They set prosperity upon thy banks, Within thee Ea, the king of the Deep, created his dwelling.
He is Lord of the Abzu, or Apsu in Akkadian, meaning Deep Ocean or Water Farthe subterranean fresh-water sea from which all lakes, springs, rivers, and so forth are said to arise, imbued with cosmic forces. The house Enki has built for himself is a marvel. In those remote days, when the fates were determined; in a year when An brought about abundance, and people broke through the earth like green plants—then the lord of the abzu, King Enki, Enki, the lord who determines the fates, built up his temple entirely from silver and lapis lazuli.
Its silver and lapis lazuli were the shining daylight. Into the shrine of the abzu he brought joy.
He built the temple from precious metal, decorated it with lapis snki, and covered it abundantly with gold. In Aand [Eridu], he built the house on the bank.
Its brickwork makes utterances and gives advice. Its eaves roar like a bull; the temple of Enki bellows. During the night the temple praises its lord and offers its best for him. Before Lord Enki, Isimud the minister praises the temple; he goes to the temple and speaks to it. He goes to the brick building and addresses it: Like the Tigris and the Euphrates, it is mighty and awe-inspiring [?
Your bolt is a fearsome lion. Your roof beams are the bull of heaven, an artfully made bright headgear. Your reed-mats are like lapis lazuli, decorating the roof-beams. Your vault is a bull [or wild bull] raising its horns. Your door is a lion who [seizes a man] [or is awe-inspiring]. Your stairway is a wnki coming down on a man. E-engura [House of the Subterranean Waters]!
Enki and Ninmah: translation
Your lord has directed his steps towards you. Enki, lord of the abzu, has embellished your foundation pegs with cornelian.
He has adorned you with …… and [? The temple of Enki is provisioned with holy njnmah [? E-engura, which Enki has surrounded with a holy reed fence! In your midst a lofty throne is erected, your door-jamb is the holy locking bar of heaven. The suhur carp play among the honey-herbs, and the ectub ninmahh dart among the small gizi reeds. When Enki rises, the fish rise before him like waves.
He has the abzu stand as a marvel, as en,i brings joy into the engur [abzu]. Enki is usually shown dressed in a carp skin; excavations at shrines to him in Eridu reveal piles of carp bones, apparently the leavings of feasts and offerings. He is associated with the fish gods Oannes and Dagon; they enii be him, or versions or aspects of him. Like Oannes and Dagon, Enki teaches people the skills they need to live highly civilized lives. The great prince put down the foundations, and laid the bricks.
Enki placed in charge of all this him whose foundations once laid do not sag, whose good houses once built do not collapse [? He raised a holy crown over the upland plain.
Enki and Ninmah: translation
He fastened a lapis-lazuli beard to the high plain, and made it wear a lapis-lazuli headdress. He made this good place perfect with greenery in abundance. He multiplied the animals ebki the high plain to an appropriate degree, he multiplied the ibex and wild goats of the pastures, and made them copulate. Enki placed in charge of them the hero who is the crown of the high plain, who is the king of the countryside, the great lion of the high plain, the muscular, the hefty, the burly strength of Enlil—Cakkan, the king of the hills.
He made the plain, created for greenery, achieve prosperity. He filled the Enik [ mountain house ], the house of Enlil, with possessions. Enlil was delighted with Enki and Nibru [the city of Nippur] was glad. He demarcated borders and fixed boundaries. Ninmau the Anuna [Anunnaki] gods, Enki situated dwellings fnki cities and disposed agricultural land into fields.
Enki is a troubleshooter, a good-humored mediator, and wnd compassionate friend to humankind. As the story Enki and Ninmah starts, trouble is brewing among the gods:. The gods were digging the canals and piling up the silt in Harali. The gods, crushing the clay, began complaining about this life. At that time, the one of great wisdom, the creator of all the senior gods, Enki lay on his bed, not waking up from his sleep, in the deep engur, in the subterranean water, the place the inside of which no other god knows.
The primeval mother, Namma, wakes Enki up and tells him he needs to create a worker to relieve the minor gods.
First, he tries delegating:. And after Enki, the fashioner of designs by himself, had pondered the matter, he said to his mother Namma: Impose on him the work of carrying baskets. You should knead clay from the top annd the abzu; the birth-goddesses [?
My mother, after you have decreed his fate, let Ninmah impose on him the work of carrying baskets.
Enki looked at the man who cannot bend his outstretched weak hands, and decreed his fate: The drunken Ninmah continues making creatures with problems: Enki finds a job for each one—a way to earn their bread.
Enki devised a shape with head, …… and mouth in its middle, and said to Ninmah: It could hardly breathe, its ribs were shaky, its lungs were afflicted, its heart was afflicted, its bowels were afflicted.
With its hand and its lolling head it could not not put bread into its mouth; its spine and head were dislocated. The weak hips and the shaky feet could not carry [? Enki is well pleased with the way things turn out, saying to Ninmah:. There are too many subsequent pieces missing from the tablet to tell whether this creature, Umul, is the final model called man.
Ancient Mesopotamian Gods and Goddesses – Mother Goddess (Ninmah, Nintud/r, Belet-ili)
According to Sumerian mythology, Adapa was the first man, the counterpart of the biblical Adam, and he sounds nothing like this first creature made by Enki. In the Babylonian creation epic Enuma ElishEnki Ea is present at the creation of man, making suggestions, but it is his son Marduk to whom Enki is said to have voluntarily passed his power who does the creating.
Ninmag hearing the words of the gods, the heart of Marduk moved him to carry out the works of a craftsman. He opened his mouth, he spake to Ea that which he had planned in his heart, he gave counsel [saying]:.
Ninmwh Ea had fashioned man he … laid service upon him. The Epic of Atrahasis a hero king tells the story of the creation of man somewhat differently:. When the gods, like man, bore the work, carried the labor-basket—the labor-basket of the great gods—the work was heavy, much was the distress.
The seven great Anunnaki caused the Igigi to bear the work. They wearied, complained, grumbled in the workpits. They set fire to their implements, to their spades [they set] fire, their labor-baskets into the flames they threw. They held them [as torches]; they went to the gate of the shrine of hero Enlil.
It was night; at mid-watch the house was binmah the god did not know. It was night; at mid-watch the Ekur was surrounded; Enlil did not know. When Enlil wakes up to find his house surrounded by irate minor gods, the Divine Council is called together to address the problem.
Enki has a suggestion:. They called the goddess and asked [her], the midwife of the gods, wise Mami: Create lullu-man, let him bear the yoke. Let him bear the yoke, the work of Enlil; let man carry the labor-basket of the gods. He is the one who purifies all; let him give me the clay, and I will do it.
Enki opened his mouth and said to the great gods: Let them slaughter one god. Let the gods be purified by immersion. With his flesh and blood let Nintu mix the clay. At the new moon, the seventh day, and the full moon, he set up a purifying bath. We-ila, who had rationality, they slaughtered in their assembly. With his flesh and blood Nintu mixed the clay. Till the end [of days they heard the drum].
From the flesh of the god there was spirit.