DoD R, “Department o£ Defense Personnel Security Program,” December , is hereby canceled as of December 31, DoD M – National Industrial Security Program Operating Manual. ( NISPOM) DoD R – Personnel Security Program. DOD R: DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE PERSONNEL SECURITY PROGRAM.
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The topics or “issues” listed below are the primary factors by which Department of Defense DoD personnel security specialists adjudicators will either grant or deny your application for a security clearance. What most people do not know is that within each topic or issue, there are between 6 and 10 sub-topics or issues.
Ddod sub-topics and issues are then categorized within a range of values. This range of values will indicate the level of severity per issue or topic. Your topic or issue will range anywhere from not severe You have nothing to worry about55200.2-r very severe Your security clearance application has a high probability of being denied. A personnel security clearance is an administrative determination by a certified adjudicator that an individual is eligible under national security standards for access 5200.2-f classified information.
In order to make this determination, a personnel security background investigation is conducted. The information collected must be sufficient to allow an affirmative or negative determination of a person’s eligibility for access dor classified information.
The security clearance process begins when a company, government agency or military branch determines that an employee or candidate for employment requires a personnel security clearance to access classified information in order to vod the duties of his or her position.
The adjudication process seeks reasonable assurance that persons granted 5200.2-r to classified information are persons:. The following adjudicative guidelines are established for all U. They apply to persons ddod considered for initial or continued eligibility for access to classified information, to include sensitive compartmented information SCI and special access programs SAPsand are to be used by government departments and agencies in all final clearance determinations.
Government departments and agencies may also choose to apply these guidelines to analogous situations regarding persons being considered for access to other 5200.2-e of protected information.
Decisions regarding eligibility for access to classified information take into account factors that could cause a conflict of interest and place a person in the position of having to choose between his or her commitments to the United States, including the commitment to protect classified information, and any other compelling loyalty. Access decisions also take into account a person’s reliability, trustworthiness and ability to protect classified information.
No coercive policing could replace the self-discipline and integrity of the person entrusted with the nation’s secrets as the most effective means of protecting them. When a person’s life history shows evidence of unreliability or untrustworthiness, questions arise whether the person can be relied on and trusted to exercise the responsibility necessary for working in a secure environment where protecting classified national security information CNSI is paramount.
An applicant must be of unquestioned allegiance to the United States. Any reason to suspect dd creates doubt about the applicant’s dld to safeguard classified national security information CNSI. Allegiance is the loyalty that a citizen owes to his or her country.
If allegiance to the United States is in doubt, an individual’s willingness to safeguard classified information is also in doubt. It is principally an Allegiance issue dkd an American citizen uses force or violence in seeking to overthrow or influence the U.
Government, prevent 2500.2-r from exercising their constitutional rights or to harm deliberately the United States. It is principally a Foreign Influence or Foreign Preference issue when an individual shows a preference for a foreign country, serves a foreign interest or is vulnerable to foreign influence that puts protected information at risk.
Some cases are adjudicated under all three guidelines. Foreign contacts and interests become a security concern if an applicant has divided loyalties or if foreign 5200.2-d interests can be manipulated or induced to help a foreign person, group, organization or government in a way that is not in the interests of the United States. The adjudicative guideline specifies that foreign contacts and interests may be a security concern under the following circumstances: The individual “has divided loyalties or foreign financial interests”; The individual “may be manipulated or induced dld help a foreign person, group, organization or government in a way that is cod in U.
If an applicant’s behavior indicates a preference for a foreign country over the United States, then the applicant may be prone to providing information or making decisions that are harmful to U. The applicant’s preference for a foreign country must be established by adequate evidence of heightened risks to national security. It is not prohibited for a U. Foreign 5200.2r is an issue whenever a person acts in a way that indicates a possible preference for a foreign country over the United States.
A preference for a foreign entity may cause a person to make decisions that are contrary to the interests of the United States. Sexual behavior that involves a criminal offense; indicates a personality or emotional disorder; reflects a lack of judgment or discretion; or may subject an applicant to undue influence or coercion, exploitation or duress can raise questions about the applicant’s reliability, trustworthiness and ability to protect classified national security information CNSI.
No adverse inference concerning the standards in this guideline may be made solely on the basis of the sexual orientation of the individual. Most scientific research and past espionage cases show that the connection between sexual behavior and personnel security is far more complex than the simple notion that “normal” sex is acceptable and “nonconforming” sexual practices are a security risk.
Self-control, social maturity, strength of character and overall psychological adjustment are more important security indicators than the specific sexual practices in which people engage. Sexual orientation or preference may not be used as a basis for disqualification in adjudicating eligibility for security clearance.
Conduct involving questionable judgment, lack of candor, dishonesty or unwillingness to comply with regulations can raise questions about an applicant’s reliability, trustworthiness and ability to protect classified national security information CNSI. Any failure to provide truthful and candid answers during the security clearance process is of particular interest.
The following actions may result in unfavorable clearance action or administrative termination of further processing: The Personal Conduct adjudicative guideline covers unreliable or untrustworthy behavior not considered under other guidelines, or which falls below the threshold for action under any other single guideline. It provides a means for adjudicators to consider a pattern of unreliable and untrustworthy behavior that may encompass multiple guidelines.
Importantly, the Personal Conduct guideline also covers vulnerability to coercion, exploitation or duress.
Protection of 5200.2-f information requires compliance with a complex set of rules and regulations. Willingness and ability to comply with rules and regulations is, therefore, an important qualification for access to classified information. Any conduct that indicates disrespect for rules and regulations can be a security concern under Personal Conduct as well as several other guidelines.
Honesty and integrity are other important qualifications. Many people during the course of their lives are beset by problems or stressors that tempt them to engage in improper or illegal behavior. The ability to weather these situations without engaging in improper or illegal activity depends, in large part, upon a person’s basic character and integrity.
These and other types doe conduct may raise questions about a subject’s judgment, trustworthiness or reliability, but 52000.2-r not be disqualifying by themselves. They may, 5200.2-r, contribute to an adverse adjudicative decision if they are part of a pattern of undesirable behavior that casts doubt on the subject’s willingness or ability to safeguard classified information.
Failure or inability to live within one’s means, satisfy debts or meet financial obligations may indicate poor self-control, lack of judgment or unwillingness to abide by rules and regulations, all of which can raise questions about an applicant’s reliability, trustworthiness and ability to protect classified national security information CNSI.
An individual who is financially overextended is at risk of having to engage in illegal acts to generate funds. Compulsive gambling is a concern as it may lead to financial crimes including espionage. Affluence that cannot be explained by known sources of income 5200.2- also a security concern.
It may indicate proceeds from financially profitable criminal acts. Some alcohol use is normal, but excessive use can be a serious security concern.
DOD 5200.2-R PDF
Alcohol affects the central nervous system and how dor brain functions. Excessive use affects perception, thinking and coordination. It impairs judgment, reduces inhibitions, and increases any tendency toward aggression.
Those who abuse alcohol are more likely than others to engage in high-risk, thoughtless or violent behaviors.
This increases the risk of unauthorized disclosure of classified information due to impulsive or careless behavior. Excessive alcohol consumption often leads to questionable judgment or the failure to control impulses and can raise questions about an applicant’s reliability and trustworthiness.
Evidence from past espionage cases indicates that alcohol problems are more prevalent among convicted spies than in the population as a whole. Executive Orderdated September 15,establishes the U. Government as a drug-free workplace.
It declares that “persons who use illegal drugs are not suitable for federal employment. Government employee or member of the military is a violation of this presidential order.
DoD R, “Personnel Security Program,” 1/
The use of illegal drugs or the misuse of prescription drugs can raise questions about an applicant’s reliability and trustworthiness since these actions impair judgment and suggest an inability or unwillingness to comply with laws, rules and regulations. Cleared employees must respect regulations whether they agree with them or 500.2-r. If they do not respect the rules on use of illegal substances, they may not respect the rules for protection of classified information.
Mental health is a security concern because it influences how a person perceives the world, makes decisions and manages stress. 5200.2r fact that an individual has had, or continues to have, an emotional, mental or psychological condition does not, by itself, preclude granting access to classified information.
The issue is whether the individual’s condition causes, or may cause, poor judgment or unreliable, untrustworthy or dysfunctional behavior. Certain emotional, mental and personality conditions can impair judgment, reliability or trustworthiness. A formal diagnosis of a disorder is not required for there to be a concern under this guideline. A qualified mental health professional e. Government should be consulted when evaluating potentially disqualifying and mitigating information.
Negative inference regarding the standards of this guideline may not be raised solely on the basis of an 2500.2-r having sought mental health counseling. Many people, perhaps most people, experience some form of stress that threatens their self-image at some time in their lives: They experience failure to compete effectively with their peers; perceive injustice at the hands of a supervisor or employing organization; are terminated from 5200.-r job under circumstances that prompt resentment; feel rejected or betrayed by a spouse; confront serious financial or medical problems; or are tempted by a seemingly easy opportunity for illegal monetary gain.
Emotionally stable and well-adjusted individuals generally respond to these experiences in positive ways; by learning from them, adjusting their expectations, working harder or sticking with their core values.
Individuals who are unstable or poorly adjusted, have a significant character weakness or suffer from mental illness may react in ways that are self-destructive, counterproductive or illegal. They may harm the organization by actions that run the gamut from absenteeism to self-serving decisions, theft, fraud, sabotage or espionage.
Criminal activity creates doubt about a person’s judgment, reliability and trustworthiness. By its very nature, past or current criminal activity calls into question a person’s ability or willingness to comply with laws, rules and regulations. Adjudication standards that disqualify individuals with a significant criminal history are supported by evidence that past adult criminal behavior predicts an increased likelihood of future criminal behavior.
It is different with juveniles, however.
DOD Adjudicative Elements – Security Clearance
The vast majority of juvenile offenders get into trouble only once or twice and they stop offending as they mature. Screening out applicants with a significant criminal history protects the organization against more than just espionage. Organizations are vulnerable to a wide variety of crimes including embezzlement, procurement fraud, sabotage of computer systems and theft of government property.
Other crimes such as drug dealing, illegal gambling, assault on coworkers, theft from other employees and prostitution also affect the workplace. National security organizations have a vested interest in maintaining high standards.
Most government organizations and private businesses do not know and cannot measure accurately how much they suffer from theft in the workplace by employees or outsiders. Professional business literature contains many accounts indicating that when companies do gather the necessary data, they are often surprised at the magnitude of losses they have been sustaining.
Deliberate or negligent failure to comply with rules and regulations for protecting classified or other sensitive information raises doubt about an individual’s trustworthiness, judgment, reliability or willingness and ability to safeguard such information and is a serious security concern. This includes protecting controlled but unclassified information such as For Official Use Only FOUOproprietary, export-controlled or privacy information.
Although the adjudicative process considers trustworthiness and reliability in regards to protecting national security-related information, an applicant’s prior history with handling other forms of protected information is relevant e.