Known Hazards. None known. Botanical References. Range. Tropical Africa – Sierra Leone to Ethiopia, south to Angola, Zimbabwe and Mozambique. Habitat. Abstract. Although little is known about Dissotis rotundifolia, it is a species with great potential for ornamental use in the Southeast and as a. Welcome to the famous Dave’s Garden website. Join our friendly community that shares tips and ideas for gardens, along with seeds and plants.
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In Australia, Singapore and Nigeria this species is classified as a weed in natural areas and plantations Melifonwu and Orkwor, ; Chong et al. Melastomatoideae is a large tropical family of plants including genera and about species Stevens, Species are trees rarely talltreelets, shrubs, herbs, lianas and epiphytes with stems often quadrangular Woodgyer, Melastomataceae has always been considered a core family of the Myrtales, supported by molecular phylogenetic analyses.
The family name comes from the Dissptis words mela meaning black and stoma meaning mouth. Eating the edible, purple-blue berries will stain the mouth black. Characters distinguishing the family have been listed by Woodgyer The genus Heterotis included about 23 species mostly distributed in the tropics.
Leaves ovate to ovate-lanceolate or suborbicular, 1. Flowers with pedicels approximately 2 mm long in fruit; hypanthium mm long in flower, densely covered with green, spreading, hair-like, linear-oblong appendages mm long, apex stellate and sparsely to moderately bristly along their length; calyx lobes lanceolate in fruit, Fruits hypanthium cylindrical-campanulate are approximately 1 cm long and 0. Seeds approximately 1 mm long, prominently ribbed dorsally with a deep pit on each side Wagner et al.
The distribution in this summary table is based on all the information available.
When several references are cited, they may give conflicting information on the status. Further details may be available for individual references in the Distribution Table Details section which can be selected by going to Generate Report. The date of introduction of this species is uncertain.
In Puerto Rico, rotuhdifolia introduction of H. The risk of introduction of H. It has been intentionally planted as an ornamental principally in tropical regions because of its attractive flowers.
It has escaped from gardens and spreads rapidly into natural forest forming dense mats Space and Flynn, Plants produce large amounts of seeds, but the species also spreads vegetatively by stem fragments PIER, Rotundifklia urban areas, it is planted in gardens as an ornamental and ground cover plant Wagner et al.
In Africa it is a common species in old cacao plantations under shade of rotunsifolia left from the original forest Prota4U, The chromosome number reported for H. Thus, most Melastomataceae species are visited by pollen-gathering bees that use buzz-pollination to expel the pollen through the anther pores.
The characteristic anther appendages probably function as a hold for the bee’s legs Woodgyer, It rootundifolia adapted to open-sunny places as well as to shaded areas with high canopy dissotus Prota4U, ; PIER, and prefers soils with pH ranging from 6 mildly acidic to 7.
Each plant has the potential to produce large numbers of seeds Woodgyer, Once established, this species completely out-competes vegetation communities by displacing native species and changing community structures PIER, In Singapore and Costa Rica, it is commonly growth as ground cover Chong et al.
In Africa, it is used in traditional medicine to treat ailments like rheumatism and diarrhea Prota4U, Clinical tests using H.
Antidiarrhoea and toxicological evaluation of the leaf extract of Dissotis rotundifolia triana Melastomataceae. Catalogue of the Seed Plants of the Rotudnifolia Indies. Smithsonian Contributions to Botany, Invasive alien plant species in Nigeria and their effects on biodiversity conservation.
Tropical Conservation Science, 4 rotundifooia A checklist of the total vascular plant flora of Singapore: Risk assessment of emerging weed threats detected in Queensland. Invasive Plants and Animals, Biosecurity Queensland. Flora Mesoamericana, 4 1: Checklist of the vascular plants of Pohnpei with local names and uses. National Tropical Botanical Garden, pp.
Cook Islands Biodiversity Database, Version Cook Islands Biodiversity Database. Cook Islands Natural Heritage Trust.
Chemical weed control in ginger Rotundifoli officinale production from minisetts. Nigerian Journal of Weed Science, 3: Pacific Islands Ecosystems at Risk. Plant Resources of Tropical Africa. A Global Compendium of Weeds.
Department of Agriculture and Food Western Australia, pp. Checklist of Plants of the Mariana Islands. University of Guam Herbarium Contribution, National Tropical Botanic Royundifolia, pp. Chromosome numbers in the Melastomataceae. Space JC; Flynn T, Observations on invasive plant species in American Samoa. Space JC; Flynn T, a. Report to the Government of Samoa on invasive plant species of environmental concern.
Report to the Republic of Palau: National Germplasm Resources Laboratory. Manual of the flowering plants of Hawaii. Neotropikey – Interactive key and information resources for flowering plants of the Neotropics [ed.
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More information about modern web browsers can be found at http: Datasheet Heterotis rotundifolia pink lady.
Factsheet – Dissotis rotundifolia
Dicotyledonae Summary of Invasiveness H. Don’t need the entire report? Generate a print friendly version containing only the sections you need. Caption Heterotis rotundifolia pink lady, Spanish shawl ; habit. Title Flower Caption Heterotis rotundifolia pink lady, Spanish shawl ; flower. Triana Melastoma plumosum D. Don Osbeckia rotundifolia Sm. International Common Names English: Spanish shawl; trailing dissotis Spanish: Summary of Invasiveness Top of page H.
Taxonomic Tree Top of page Domain: Notes on Taxonomy and Nomenclature Top of rotundifooia Melastomatoideae is a large tropical family of plants including genera and about species Stevens, Description Top of page H. Distribution Top of page H. Distribution Table Top of page The distribution in this summary table is based on all the information available. History of Introduction and Disssotis Top of page H. Risk of Introduction Top of page The risk of introduction of H. Habitat Top of page H.
Reproductive Biology In H. Means of Movement and Dispersal Top of page H. Environmental Impact Top of page H. Risk and Impact Factors Top of page Invasiveness Proved invasive outside its native range Tolerant of shade Benefits from human association i.
Uses Top of page H. Distribution Maps Top of page You can pan and zoom the map. Please consider upgrading your browser to the latest version or installing a new browser.