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The Diabolization of Elihu in the Testament of Job. In Mari Via Tua.
Ediciones el Peropp. In this way, they pay tribute to one of the most prolific and popular researchers in the Spanish field of biblical studies. Aplicado al griego del Nuevo Testamento.
El origen divino del poder. Der Dativ bei Paulus. Ein syntaktische Studie mit neuen Interpreta- tionen. Greeks, Jews, and Christians. CO Printed in Spain. The Diabolization of Elihu in the Testament of Job Revisiting a Synoptic Perspective The Case of the Manuscripts from Albania Textual Variation and Philological Considerations A Term of Convenience or of Uncertainty?
Introduction The canonical book of Job has generated some crsitianismos. One of them is the Testament of Job onward TJobwhich is an intention- ally crafted narrative that is both entertaining and edifying. The last one is linked enigmatically with devil. Elihu is the most tragic figure in the story; he is the object of my interest in this paper. The purpose of my paper is as follows: I consider the literary and theological functions of the explanatory hymn crlstianismos Elihu TJob 43,4b in literary-dramatic structure of TJob.
With a final comparison of satanic motifs in TJob and the New Testament I argue that the diabolization of Elihu is the result of deliberate appraisal of the flash figure Elihu in biblical Job through the literary conventions of the ancient genre. Old Slavonic3 and a fragmentary fifth-century Coptic manuscript. The last is the oldest, dating from the cgistianismos century C. The content of TJob is concentrated on last days of the patriarch Jobab, who at the end of his life gathers his children for last words and for distribution of his estate TJob 1.
Job starts speaking about all the things that have happened to him. His religious perplexity over the idolatry he sees occasions the appearance of an angel 2 who promises catastrophe yet renown 4 should Job persist in his resolve to destroy the satanic place. For manuscript information see F. Halkin, Man- uscrits grecs de Paris: Inventaire hagiographique, Subsidia hagiographica 44 Brux- elles Haralambakis presented an English translation of the Slavonic Tes- tament of Job based on nine Slavonic manuscripts.
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Rather than working backwards from the most recent manuscripts to a hypothetical original text, Haralambakis pres- ents the manuscripts from earliest to latest as a succession of witnesses to the text of the Testament of Job, each valuable as evidence of its contemporary world. Her book offers the solution of textual issues, the analysis of different variants and interpolation M.
Haralambakis, The Testament of Job: This edition offers a corrected transcription of P angonio gives the variants of V and S in the critical apparatus. Jozef Jancovic 57 placed by tragic losses in property, family and health 16 — Job endures as an athlete of endurance ch Finally, after the three kings Elihu speaks Job recov- ers and divides the inheritance among seven sons 44 — The three daughters receive the three magical cords, they lose interest in earthly concerns and crietianismos to speak ecstatically in the language cristianiwmos angels 46 — As to genre, TJob serrotados to Spittler is a folkloristic elaboration of the biblical story of Job that may be compared in its method of treat- ment with the elaboration of incidents in the lives of the patriarchs by the author of the Testaments of the Twelve Patriarchs7.
The kind of adaptation of biblical Job in TJob transposes the biblical story into a different genre, omits large sections and adds a considerable amount of new material to produce a very different work. Scholars usually mention the following characteristic of Jewish tes- tamentary literature: The father 7 dies and 8 a lamentation ensues8. Also TJob represents a written genre with the following specific structure. antoonio
The evidence about upcoming death occupies the opening frame 1,a. The speech ultima verba is composed of mor- al autobiography with accent on the virtuesand then warnings and predictions of the dying person. The final frame consists of a directive for burial and report of death, burial and mourning 46 — 53 9.
Nevertheless the sayings dedrotados Job, who is next to the heavenly world, are not divinare morientes against Cicero De div I 30, The scope of his words does not consist in an explanation about eternity; rather Job gives the wisdom of an elderly person as help for coming generations to become more fruitful in deeds and in the imitation of virtues.
The sayings about the future are not necessarily a form divina- tion, but are mainly communicated on the basis of a causal relationship between actions and their consequences cause-effect The life of Job in TJob is intentionally united antohio his teaching. In testaments the Hellenistic educational ideal of unity of teaching and life has a special prominence. In this patrimony, social solidarity plays the key role. Also TJob con- tains a specially developed sensibility that disaster is connected with departure from correct teaching or direct adherence to a false teaching.
This connection is both the effect in the casual relationship and it cre- ates a warning against deviation the wisdom of the fathers. The Old Greek translation contains five additions, all of which also appear in the TJob in some form As to a structure of TJob, it is usually perceived as consisting of three main sections: In the main body of TJob, Job relates in turn to a revealing angel 2 — 5to Satan 6 — 27to the three kings 28 — 45 and in the conclusion to the three daughters 46 — However, Job is continually related to his wife Sitidos 21 — 26; 39 — 40 and Satan 6 — 27; 41 — The TJob could have been composed either in Palestine or Egypt.
Some assign the original composition to the first century B. The TJob was most likely composed in Greek Since the 5th century evidence includes a Coptic translation, the origi- 12 A similar word-play of name and locality is found in the Bodmer manuscript XVI-XV p75 in the Gospel of Luke 16, Haralambakis, The Testament of Job, Schaller present TJob 1, as Einleitung and chs 46 — 53 as Schlussteil cf.
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It shows no obvious signs of derrotadox translated from a Se- mitic language, and no evidence has been found of versions in Hebrew, Aramaic, or Syriac. The whole testament was composed by a single author The blocks of TJob are tied together by a common vocabulary and style. On the other hand, the composition, although clearly well serrotados, shows some inconsistencies, such as the depreciation of this world alongside the idea of a compensation for the righteous in this world, including length of days.
Derrotzdos TJob has generally been viewed as a Jewish composition, free in its present form from any extensive Chris- tian editing James Davila has attempted to refute the view of TJob as a Jewish work and has sought to locate the book within a Jewish milieu but with Christian interpolations by a Montanist, with the motif of the Jewish Therapeutae in Egypt.
TJob could be a Christian composition, or at least an origin in early Christian circles cannot be ruled out His theophor- ic name refers to a relationship to God in the form of nominal clause Davila, The Provenance of the Pseudepigrapha: Jewish, Christian, Or Other? The latter meaning is adopted by E. McKenna, Job [Dallas ] Elihu speeches in Dedrotados 32 — 37 have an ambiguous meaning.
This fact generated in the history of exegesis two basic positions of scholars: Among modern scholars, the Elihu speeches were almost universally dismissed as secondary. But recently more authors accept the Elihu speeches as an integral part of biblical Job The first of these discourses is a challenge to the friends; the second is a chal- lenge to God. By observing the use antoonio the introductory formula pieeo Job 32 — 37 the Elihu words can be divided into four separated speeches: Elihu is after Job the second most verbose protagonist.
From the same writer: Februar Wiesbaden 27; L.
Job wanted God to answer him 31,35but Elihu will answer Job instead, because God is too great for any mortal and does not answer a legal challenge by anyone 33, Elihu presents the proper theological perspective of retribution theology: God acts according to His own criteria Whereas Job judges God, Elihu defends God: Indeed, Elihu teaches Job wisdom 33,33but only as an earthly reflex of the divine Teacher 36, He is an earthly reflex of the per- fection of knowledge that is divine 36,4b; In all these senses, he is in 32,12b: Perfection of knowledge is an expression that Elihu re- serves for himself and for God 37, As he speaks for God, he will, also like God 34,19 crsitianismos, show absolutely no partiality, no favoritism, for crostianismos stands in fear of his Maker 25 Waters, The Contribution, Jozef Anhonio 63 should he act in this way 32,