Subj: PISTOL MARKSMANSHIP (MCI ). 1. Purpose. This course provides the individual Marine with the fundamentals of safely maintaining, handling, and . A universal marksmanship training system is disclosed herein configured to be used to measure the performance of the firearm and the ammunition. . Additionally, marksmanship decision accuracy (correctly shooting vs. Marksmanship judgment performance is significantly reduced when .. / (87) [PubMed] [CrossRef]; Helton W. S. ().
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A universal marksmanship training system is disclosed herein configured to utilize a display device comprising a graphic display. A software application may also be provided.
The software application is often configured to display a virtual target on the graphic display. A chamber insert may be utilized, the chamber insert configured to be positioned with the firing chamber of a firearm to be zeroed, wherein the chamber insert interacts with the software application to determine alignment of a bore of the firearm to a bore alignment point on the graphic display.
In one form, the display device displays a sight target on the graphic display wherein the sight target is visually perceived by a marksman, and is offset from the bore alignment point by a offset distance. In one form, the software application calculates the sight target relative to the bore alignment point of the firearm given a set of condition variables.
Other aspects of the disclosure relate to simulated shooting of a firearm. Several examples of a universal marksmanship training system UMTS are disclosed herein. One example comprising a display device including a graphic display which may be a handheld style device. A software display application Display App may also be provided. The Display App in at least one example configured to display a virtual target on the graphic display.
A chamber insert may also be utilized. Such a chamber insert is configured to be positioned within the chamber of a firearm to be zeroed, wherein the chamber insert interacts with the Display App to determine alignment of a bore of the firearm to a bore alignment point on the graphic display. Such chamber inserts generally have the same outer diameter and length as a life-fire round, so as to replace a life-fire round in simulated or targeting applications.
In one form of the disclosed device and system, the display device displays a sight target on the graphic display wherein the sight target is visually perceived by a marksman, and the sight target is vertically offset from the bore alignment point by an offset distance which takes into account the offset horizontal position from the sight target to a non-simulated target. In one form, the Display App calculates the sight target relative to the bore alignment point of the firearm given a set of condition variables.
The training system as disclosed may be arranged wherein the virtual target is representative of a non-simulated target. The training system is arranged in one form wherein the condition variables accounted for in sighting or simulated shooting of the firearm are selected from the list consisting of: The training system is described in one form as further comprising a display device support arm.
The support arm in one example including: The training system is disclosed in one form is arranged wherein the support arm is positionable so as to align the display device relative to the bore of the firearm.
The training system as disclosed above may be arranged wherein the chamber insert comprises a laser beam emitting device. The training system may utilize a magazine having a power supply electrically coupled to the chamber insert.
The magazine may otherwise resemble a standard magazine for containment and firing of a set of cartridges. In one form, the power supply comprises a battery. The training system is disclosed in one form is arranged wherein the vertical offset distance is substantially equal to the vertical offset between the alignment point line of the sight and the center line of the firearm bore at the sight.
USMC MCI Marine Corps Institute Pistol Marksmanship Unopened With Test Book | #
Currently, the US armed services are deploying training simulations systems and devices that instruct personnel on vehicle driving, weapons marksmanship, combat tactics techniques and procedures TTPs from small unit to large fighting formations. Such systems are designed for use with and by the armed services. It is desired in such systems that marksmen utilizing their own firearms 28 before and after sighting zeroing their firearm 28 learn the significance of their training in marksmanship experience, maintenance, and clearing malfunctions.
Before beginning a detailed description of the novel examples disclosed herein, an axes system 10 is disclosed for ease in understanding of the examples presented. The axes system 10 as shown in FIG.
USA1 – Universal Firearm Marksmanship System – Google Patents
The longitudinal axis 16 is aligned with the bore of the firearm. The vertical axis 12 and transverse axis 14 are orthogonal narksmanship both other axes.
Subsequent alignment of the sights 92 of the firearm 28 will result in a projectile fired from that firearm impacting a target at a desired location under real-life conditions. Such conditions may include distance 94 to target, elevation differential from shooter to target, elevation of range above sea level, temperature, etc.
When firing a non-zeroed firearm 28 at a target see FIG.
The conditions or variables that result in the discrepancy will be accounted for by the marksman adjusting the sights 92 of the firearm 28as the firearm 28 is zeroed to offset the discrepancy. The marksman will adjust the sights 92 point of aim 38 up, down, left, or right until the discrepancy if any is within an acceptable standard of accuracy in relationship to the point of impact on the target If the marksman can virtually isolate a variable s resulting in the discrepancy, and extract the variable s from the whole, and if a new variable s are accounted for without firing of a projectilethen a new sight alignment can be achieved in a virtual scenario representative of a real-life set of conditions and target and the need to fire many expensive and dangerous rounds of ammunition through the firearm 28 to establish a correct sight alignment may be avoided.
This virtual system reduces wear on the firearm 28 and cost of ammunition. A marksman can provide data to the Display App from a portable weather station, a Global Positioning System, a muzzle velocity measuring device, keyboard, touch pad, database, or other system. The Display App in one form may comprise firearm and bullet projectile and cartridge ballistics firing data which are commonly found in ballistic tables.
The inputs from chronographs, GPS trackers, portable weather station, and others sources can be incorporated. This UMTS in one example will incorporate several interoperating components in a small easy to carry case. The hardware portions of the system 20 may comprise a chamber insert 74which may be designed to fit a firearm of a particular caliber. One such chamber insert 74 is disclosed in U. One Example of the chamber insert 74 is shown in FIG.
Such a chamber insert 74 will center in the bore of the firearm 28 and project an emission beam 36 down the bore of the firearm in the path a live round projectile would normally traverse.
USMC MCI Marine Corps Institute 0090 Pistol Marksmanship Unopened With Test Book
In another example, the cartridge insert 74 may house a proximity sensor that interacts with visual data displayed on and thus emitting from a graphic display The insert 74 in one example is formed to center in the bore 84 of the firearm 28 each and every time it is used properly. One such bore mounted insert is shown in FIG.
In the example shown, a through hole is provided centered on the outer surface so that an emission beam 36 may transit the insert substantially unhindered. Alternatively, a sensor 78 may be attached at a sensor mount and aligned with the through hole The sensor 78 in such an example would detect an emission beam from an emitter This example of a bore mounted piztol utilizes a plurality of ratchet action rifle grip arms which may be pivotally coupled to the main cylindrical body by way of pivots A ratchet mechanism is provided including a ratchet arm within the main body A button ratchet grip arm release may engage the ratchet arm and reposition teeth away from pins to release the ratchet mechanism.
To attach the insert to 0090a barrel 90 of a firearm or other surface, the arms are withdrawn and the first end of the device is inserted into the barrel Msrksmanship the button is actuated depressedsprings bias the arms outward to grip the inner surface of the barrel The insert may be rotated by substantial rotational force, or withdrawn by substantial longitudinal force. In the example shown, a plurality of folding arms are released by marksmajship deploy release The arms and slot formed in the main body cooperate to hold the display device 24 in position as shown in FIG.
In one example, the display device 24 is coupled to the sensor In this way, when the sensor 78 is activated via actuation of the firearm trigger, the display device detects such trigger actuation and may alter the display projected to the user. Such coupling may be a wired or wireless coupling. In one form, a detection portion camera of the display device projects into the center bore of the insert and is so aligned to directly detect actuation of the trigger via a chamber insert 74 or equivalent.
In one form, a cartridge magazine 22 as shown in FIG.
In addition, a laser or infrared sensors a and b of FIG. The battery may also provide power to a recoil mechanism that generates a recoil sensation each and every time markdmanship marksman actuates the trigger 86 to more accurately simulate life fire shooting. For a self-reloading automatic or semi-automatic firearm, a trigger resetting mechanism may be provided. A muzzle velocity chronograph may also be incorporated to measure muzzle velocity of a projectile fired from the firearm This muzzle velocity data may be recorded by the system or peripherals for analysis later.
The chronograph may be initially set adjusted indoors with a method to fire the projectiles safely such as that disclosed in U. The hardware components of the system 20 may also include a display device 24 having a graphic display 26 display screen thereon.
While the display device 24 is shown as a cell phone; tablet computers, laptop computer, or other portable devices may be used. In one form as shown in FIG. In other examples such as shown in FIG. The positionable marksmanshkp 30 as seen best in the examples of FIGS. The embodiment marksmanshup FIG. The positionable arm 30 in one form is made of a malleable material or a series of movable joints such that the first end 58 is positionable relative to the second end pitol The firearm 28 in one form having a chamber insert 74 will be actuated, and the bore ,arksmanship point 34 FIG.
It may be desired to align the bore alignment point 34 on a specific portion of the graphic display 26such that the calculated point of impact 32 can be determined relative to the point of aim The point of aim 38 is that marksmanshio viewed by the marksman when the sights 92 of the firearm 28 are aligned.
The system 20 is equally useful for open sights FIG. In each application, the point of aim 38 will be clearly indicated to the user familiar with the sight profile of that firearm. The sight alignment line 40 extends forward to the target, and it is desired for a proper zero that given the marksmanshi; at the time of live firing, that the point of impact mafksmanship a live-fire marksmahship aligns with the point 0090z aim Such a properly zeroed assembly is shown in FIG.
In a simulation as shown in FIG. Marjsmanship can be seen in FIG. If the sights 92 were adjusted to this alignment at a real life firing distance, this alignment would not result in a proper zero given the effects of gravity on a specific life-fire projectile fired at a specified elevation angle to levelweight, and muzzle velocity.
However, in the example shown in FIG. Given a properly zeroed firearm 28were the sight line 40 extended to the distance 94 of a real-life target as depicted in FIG. Marksmanshpi downward curvature of the trajectory 46 is generally over-stated in the Figs. As previously mentioned, one example of the display device 24 will display calculated points of impact 32 of the projectile on the graphic display If all known conditions and variables are known based on the zero then the ballistics data, the known firing conditions and other variables can be isolated and the results will show the center bore emission beam 36 and the ballistic characteristic of the firearm 28 and the sight alignment line 40 aligned at the distance 94 the firearm 28 was zeroed.
The display device 24 in one form as shown in FIG. When the display device 24 has been configured to the conditions and target desired, the sight target 56 is displayed, and the marksman will align the sights with the sight target A second vertical offset 50 is shown between the bore alignment point 34 and the calculated point of impact A combined vertical offset 52 is shown as the combined vertical 0090s 34 and